This site may have been fortified with earthworks in the Iron Age or earlier, before the Romans invaded in AD43. This is suggested on the basis of the unusual pattern of the earthworks which does not seem to be a perfect fit for the medieval castle. Excavations have provided evidence of Iron Age occupation within the locality of the castle, but it is not certain whether this is associated with the hillfort.
Tattershall Castle is located in Tattershall in Lincolnshire, England. Robert de Tattershall built the medieval stone tower in 1231. The castle boasted a great hall, kitchens, gatehouse, chapel, and a curtain wall surrounded by a moat. The castle passed to the third Baron of Cromwell in the early 15thcentury. Lord Cromwell refurbished the estate while adding the great tower, the stables, the kitchens, and the guardhouse. Lord Cromwell enlarged the inner moat and an outer moat was created. The stables are housed between the outer moat and inner moat. With Cromwell’s death, the castle passed to the Crown who continued to grant the property to loyal and familial subjects. Charles Brandon was given the castle by King Henry VIII to thank him for assisting in stopping the Lincolnshire Rising. Brandon had the castle transformed into a Tudor palace and installed a tiltyard to practice jousting. The castle was later inherited by the Earls of Lincoln and remained in their possession for 120 years. In 1643, the castle was damaged during the Civil War, which left only the Great Tower intact. The Earl of Lincoln died in 1693, and the castle was left derelict. In 1911, Lord Curzon of Kedleston purchased the castle. Lord Curzon restored the castle, even going so far to repurchase the gothic fireplaces that had been removed. After his passing in 1925, the castle was left to the National Trust. The castle houses one of the world’s largest art and heritage collections, which includes over one million historic pieces including paintings, gothic fireplaces, and tapestries. Tattershall Castle is open to the public. There is a shop offering refreshments inside the old guardhouse.
Totnes Castle is located in the town of Totnes in Devonshire, England. The Norman motte and bailey style castle was built in the 14thcentury on the Dart River upon a large hill that overlooks the town and three valleys. There was an earlier 11thcentury structure on the site made of wood, which likely held a palisade and a tower. Juhel of Totnes, who was one of William the Conqueror’s lieutenants, built the 11th century structure. The castle changed hands and the feudal barony of Totnes was given to Roger de Nonant. Nonant’s family held the castle for several generations. The stone keep and walls were built by owner, William de Braose, 3rdLord of Bramber. By 1326, the castle had fallen into ruin under ownership of the de la Zouch family and a royal order was given to repair the fortifications. The castle was repaired with Devonian limestone and red sandstone, a new stable was constructed at this time, and a constable was appointed. Totnes Castle was used as a garrison during the Civil War, but it was evacuated before the arrival of Parliamentary forces and saw no action. Unfortunately, the castle fell into ruin again. Totnes Castle is open to the public and has a castle shop.