Category: Burg

Eltz Castle (Burg Eltz), Above the Moselle Riv…

Eltz Castle (Burg Eltz),
Above the Moselle River between Koblenz and Trier, Germany.

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The Eltz family lived there in the 12th century, 33 generations ago, and still does. About 100 members of the owners’ families lived in the over 100 rooms of the castle. It is a Ganerbenburg, or castle belonging to a community of joint heirs. It is divided into several parts, which belong to different branches of a family. In the case of Eltz, the family comprised three branches and the existing castle comprises three separate complexes of buildings The Rübenach and Rodendorf families’ homes in the castle are now open to the public, while the Kempenich branch of the family uses the other third of the castle. The main part of the castle consists of the family portions with up to eight stories and with eight towers reaching heights of between 30 and 40 meters.

This is as close as reality gets to Mervyn Peake’s Gormenghast

Burg Vischering (Vischering Castle), Lüdinghau…

Burg Vischering (Vischering Castle),
Lüdinghausen, North Rhine-Westfalia, Germany.

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Vischering Castle consists of an outer courtyard, defensive gateways, moat, drawbridge, main building and chapel. Vischering Castle was built by Bischop Gerhard von der Mark to counter one built nearby by the von Lüdinghausen family. Vischering Castle became the seat of the Droste zu Vischering Family. The castle keep is now missing, having been removed during Renaissance renovations.  

Burg Rabenstein (Rabenstein Castle), Ahorntal,…

Burg Rabenstein (Rabenstein Castle),
Ahorntal, Upper Franconian county of Bayreuth in the state of Bavaria, Germany.

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Rabenstein Castle is a former high medieval aristocratic spur castle built between 1175 and 1200. During the Thirty Years’ War, the castle was destroyed by imperial troops, because its lord, Hans Christoph of Rabenstein, had aligned himself with the Swedes. After the war between 1648 and 1728 a few small buildings and a farm were re-established. In 1742 the von Rabensteins died out and the castle passed to the counts of Schönborn-Wiesentheid, who revamped the ruins in 1829/30 for a royal visit by Ludwig I.

The castle is now a hotel used for events and conferences. It also houses a falconry used for research and education, along with a café and a beer garden.

Burg Runkel (Runkel Castle), Runkel, Limburg-W…

Burg Runkel (Runkel Castle),
Runkel, Limburg-Weilburg, Hesse, Germany.

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A ruined hill castle from the High Middle Ages. It consists of an upper or main castle and a lower castle.

The Upper Castle is in ruins since it was destroyed in the Thirty Years War but it is still walkable.

The Lower Castle, after the destruction of the Thirty Years War in the 17th and 18th Centuries, was rebuilt and expanded. It now consists of two– or three-story buildings, one of which, shaped like an U, connects with the Upper Castle to form an enclosed courtyard. Unlike the Upper Castle, the buildings of the Lower Castle are well preserved and, for most of the time, still used today.

Eltz Castle (Burg Eltz), above the Moselle Riv…

Eltz Castle (Burg Eltz),
above the Moselle River between Koblenz and Trier, Germany.

www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

The Eltz family lived there in the 12th century, 33 generations ago, and still does. About 100 members of the owners’ families lived in the over 100 rooms of the castle. It is a Ganerbenburg, or castle belonging to a community of joint heirs. It is divided into several parts, which belong to different branches of a family. In the case of Eltz, the family comprised three branches and the existing castle comprises three separate complexes of buildings The Rübenach and Rodendorf families’ homes in the castle are now open to the public, while the Kempenich branch of the family uses the other third of the castle. The main part of the castle consists of the family portions with up to eight stories and with eight towers reaching heights of between 30 and 40 meters.

This is as close as reality gets to Mervyn Peake’s Gormenghast

Burg Scharfenstein (Scharfenstein Castle), abo…

Burg Scharfenstein (Scharfenstein Castle),
above Scharfenstein, Drebach, Saxony, Germany.

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Scharfenstein Castle lies on an elongated hill spur in the Ore Mountains. The original structure was built in 1250. The castle is one of 24 sites run by the state-owned State Palaces, Castles and Gardens of Saxony (Staatliche Schlösser, Burgen und Gärten Sachsen).

Burg Hohenwerfen (Hohenwerfen Castle), above W…

Burg Hohenwerfen (Hohenwerfen Castle),
above Werfen, Salzach Valley, Austria.

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The castle is surrounded by the Berchtesgaden Alps. The fortification is a “sister” of Hohensalzburg Castle, both dating from the 11th century. A fortification was built here between 1075 and 1078 (during the Imperial Investiture Controversy) by Archbishop Gebhard of Salzburg as a strategic bulwark. He had three major castles extended to secure his archbishopric against King Henry IV. Gebhard was expelled in 1077 and could not return to Salzburg until 1086, only to die at Hohenwerfen two years later.

In the following centuries Hohenwerfen served Salzburg’s rulers, the prince-archbishops, as a military base, residence and hunting retreat. The fortress was extended in the 12th century and again in the 16th century during the German Peasants’ War. Later it was used as a state prison and like many ecclesiastical prisons developed a particularly sinister reputation.

Hohenwerfen Castle served as the backdrop for the song “Do-Re-Mi” in the film The Sound of Music and as ‘Schloss Adler’ in the 1968 film Where Eagles Dare. Among the attractions offered by the fortress today are guided tours showing its weapons collection, a falconry museum and a fortress tavern.

Reinhardstein Castle, [Château de Reinhardstei…

Reinhardstein Castle,
[Château de Reinhardstein (French)]
[Burg Reinhardstein (German)]
Ovifat, Waimes (Weismes), province of Liège, Belgium.

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Reinhardstein Castle was built in 1354 for Wenceslaus of Luxembourg, then still a Count, by his vassal Reinhard of Weismes. In the 19th century it was nearly destroyed by quarrying, and since 1969 has been reconstructed.

Burg Altena (Altena Castle), Altena, Märkische…

Burg Altena (Altena Castle), Altena, Märkischer Kreis, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

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Altena Castle is a Medieval hill castle in the town of Altena in western Germany. It was erected by the early Counts of Berg  in the early 12th century. Eventually, the House of Berg abandoned Altena and moved their residence to Hamm.

In 1912, Richard Schirrmann established the world’s first youth hostel within the castle, which is still in use today (the Jugendherberge Burg Altena).