Dunnottar Castle (Scottish Gaelic: Dùn Fhoithear, “fort on the shelving slope”) is a ruined medieval fortress located upon a rocky headland on the north-east coast of Scotland. The surviving buildings are largely of the 15th and 16th centuries, but the site is believed to have been fortified in the Early Middle Ages. Dunnottar has played a prominent role in the history of Scotland through to the 18th-century Jacobite risings because of its strategic location and defensive strength. Dunnottar is best known as the place where the Honours of Scotland were hidden from Oliver Cromwell’s army in the 17th century. The property of the Keiths from the 14th century, and the seat of the Earl Marischal, Dunnottar declined after the last Earl forfeited his titles by taking part in the Jacobite rebellion of 1715. The castle was restored in the 20th century and is now open to the public.
The ruins of the castle are spread over 1.4 hectares (3.5 acres), surrounded by cliffs that drop to the North Sea. A narrow strip of land joins the headland to the mainland, along which a steep path leads up to the gatehouse. Buildings within the castle include the 14th-century tower house as well as the 16th-century palace. Dunnottar Castle is a scheduled monument, and twelve structures on the site are listed buildings.
Vault (French voûte, from Italian volta) is an architectural term for an arched formused to provide a space with a ceiling or roof. The parts of a vault exert lateral thrust that requires a counter resistance. When vaults are built underground, the ground gives all the resistance required.
Cabra Castle is located in County Cavan, Ireland. The 19thcentury castle’s exterior was built in a neo Norman style, while the interior carries a Gothic design. The castle was built by the Foster family, who unfortunately went bankrupt due to the castle’s construction costs. In 1813, the castle was sold to the wealthy Pratt family, who owned substantial holdings in the area. They renamed Comey Castle to Cabra Castle in 1820. The castle estate remained with the Pratt family until 1964, when it was sold to the Brennan family. It was the Brennan family who transformed the castle into a hotel. The hotel was closed when the castle estate was sold again in 1986 to Mr. Mansour. In 1991, the castle was sold to the Corscadden family. The Corscadden’s restored the castle and reopened it as a four-star luxury hotel. The castle estate boasts one hundred acres of parkland and gardens, with an on-site 9-hole golf course, tennis, a gate lodge, and six cottages. Cabra Castle has 105 bedrooms, a bar, a restaurant, and conference rooms.